IV Europe in the world annual meeting

Catégorie :Appels à communication

Date :du mercredi, 06 avril 2016 au jeudi, 07 avril 2016

Date limite : dimanche, 15 novembre 2015

Lieu :Lisbon (Portugal)

Lien : http://www.ihc.fcsh.unl.pt/pt/ihc/

Contact : alice.cunha..a..fcsh.unl.pt

Source: Alice Cunha

Résumé :

IV EUROPE IN THE WORLD ANNUAL MEETING : Post II World War Europe: the cooperationʼs path - Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas – NOVA -Lisbon, Portugal - April 6-7, 2016 -Deadline: November 15, 2015

Détails :


Post II World War Europe: the cooperationʼs path

Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas – NOVA

Lisbon, Portugal

Organization and Scientifc Commitee

  • Maria Fernanda Rollo (IHC, FCSH-UNL); Maria Manuela Tavares Ribeiro (FL-UC, CEIS20);
  • Alice Cunha (IHC, FCSH-UNL); Isabel Maria Freitas Valente (CEIS20)

The IV Europe in the World Annual Meeting will focus on the study of European cooperation process in post-World War II.

In the current context of crisis, standoff and insecurity and doubts about the paths and destiny of the European Union, it is important to reflect upon the principles and reasons which governed the cooperation process and the creation of a European unity.

During the long years of the World War II and the occupation, many movements of the various 'resistances' debated the conditions that were to govern the recovery of their countries, creating a new attitude of 'European' resistance. They were essentially national movements that expressed the common concern of organizing postwar Europe based on different principles than those from 1919. Recruited from the opponents of the various totalitarianisms, the leaders of these movements even met before the end of the war in Geneva (March-July, 1944). The European spirit of these resistants revealed itself separately in different countries and was above all concerned with building a European unit against the German threat.

After 1945, the awareness of the 'erasing' of Europe on the international arena would engage a new dynamic in the various political, economic or ideological groups within which the resistants met. In fact, the Yalta Declaration (February 12, 1945), signed by Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin, revealed a powerless Europe forced to recognize the failure of each of the European powers involved in the war, which stimulated the resistants to develop greater efforts in the quest for European unity. However, especially after the Prague coup (February 24-25, 1948), the evidence that the German threat had been replaced and superseded by the Soviet threat turned out to undermine the sense of orientation of these resistance movements.

In the countries that have been preserved free, a militant action in favor of a federal organization of Europe to be built in the post-war also occurred. While in Britain the 'Federal Union' movement fighted for a European federalism, or even a global federalism, Coudenhove-Kalergi, a refugee in the US, continued his action in New York creating a 'research institute for a post-war European Federation', accomplishing the participation of many politicians who, as him, had been forced into exile. His actions have expanded the idea of a United States of Europe within the American public opinion, but failed to have any great influence on the decisions of statesmen on the future global or even European order. On March 21, 1943, the V Pan-European Congress was held in New York, where a message from Churchill was read, in which he advocated the creation of the Council of Europe, an idea that would only emerge years later in May 1949.

It was only after World War II that European unification truly began to be shaped, as a result of radical changes in the conditions lived by the European countries. Given the new realities, the need for cooperation had established itself more forcefully than before.

One of the most important milestones in the awareness of this new Europe, divided into two blocks, was the speech delivered by Churchill in Fulton (USA) on March 5, 1946, when he noted solemnly that "from Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain fell on the continent".

In the years that followed the end of the war several Western-European movements emerged, some unionists, other federalists, witnessing a true and real concern for the destiny of Europe, greatly destroyed. To this regard Churchill's action in launching a campaign for a European union must be acknowledged.

If the multiplication of several European movements was a symptom of the vitality of the European idea, the truth is that as they were dispersed, it prevented a genuine joint effort. Only in November 1947 it was decided to create a 'Coordination Committee of Movements for European unity' to assure the liaison between different movements, preserving, however, their personality and their autonomy. The Committee had some good results, the most important of which convened under the chairmanship of Churchill – the "Congress of Europe" in The Hague (May 7-11, 1948), under which the European Movement would be created.

Also by then, the first mechanisms triggered by George Marshall's speech on June 5, 1947, were also in motion, followed by a large and complex program, the European Recovery Program (official name of the Marshall Plan) designed to support the recovery of the European countries devastated by war. Since a precondition to join the program was cooperation between the countries involved, that led to the creation of the Organisation for European Economic Cooperation (OEEC, later transformed into OECD).

Soon the European countries would trail paths towards a greater cooperation - convinced of its indispensability to the affirmation and prosperity of Europe -, as proven by the Schuman Declaration and later the creation first of the European Coal and Steel Community and after the European Economic Community.

The academy has long been focused on these issues, but there is still room for further research on historical, political, economic, social and artistic aspects, which contribute to the scientific knowledge and promote the debate with new ideas and conclusions.

The international conference “Post II World War Europe: the cooperationʼs path” accepts paper proposals whose contributions focus namely on the European cooperation movements that emerged in the context of war and post-war; on the relationship between cooperation and the process of reconstruction/recovery of European countries, particularly focusing on the implementation and impact of the Marshall Plan, NATO and other dynamics of cooperation; the beginning of the Cold War and the bipolar division of the world; and the early years of the European integration process to what concerns institutions, policies, actors and memory.

The conference, as a whole, seeks to provide a stimulus for reflection, interdisciplinary debate and scientific renovation, so unpublished and/or ongoing studies are particularly welcome.

After peer-review, selected papers will be published in a special e-Dossier IHC.

Paper proposals should include title, an abstract with no more than 500 words in length, authorʼs affiliation and a short CV (up to 250 words), in Word format, and sent to eurohspot..a..fcsh.unl.pt, by November 15, 2015 the latest.

Important dates:

  • abstract submission deadline: November 15, 2015
  • abstract acceptance notification: December 15, 2015
  • ull paper submission deadline: February 29, 2016

Working languages are: Portuguese, English and French.

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