‘Shaping pan-European cooperation in the 1970s: Soviet initiatives and the EEC-Nine’s response’

Nature :Contributions

Auteur(s)Angela Romano

Titre‘Shaping pan-European cooperation in the 1970s: Soviet initiatives and the EEC-Nine’s response’

Directeur de l'ouvrageClaudia Hiepel

Titre de l'ouvrageEurope in a Globalizing World 1970-1985

Ville d'éditionBaden-Baden

Maison d'éditionNomos

Année2014

Pages27-48

This chapter focuses on the EC’s response to Soviet initiatives that, throughout the 1970s, called for the development of pan-European economic cooperation: the CSCE, the EEC/Comecon negotiations, and multilateral cooperation in the fields of energy, transport, and the environment. Soviet initiatives and the EEC’s response are considered within the broader picture of the international system and regional processes, i.e. Cold War, Eastern and Western European integration; equal importance is attributed to new economic trends, such as the affirmation of the post-industrial consumer-based era and the growing global economic interdependence, which affected the Western capitalist countries and the Eastern socialist states alike. It is here argued that two visions of pan-European cooperation confronted each other – the Soviet and the EEC-Nine’s – with the latter being innovative and successful in shaping pan-European cooperation.

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