’More Cohesive, Still Divergent: Western Europe, the US and the Madrid CSCE Follow-Up Meeting’

Nature :Contributions

Auteur(s)Angela Romano

Titre’More Cohesive, Still Divergent: Western Europe, the US and the Madrid CSCE Follow-Up Meeting’

Directeur de l'ouvrageKiran Patel, Ken Weisbrode

Titre de l'ouvrageEuropean integration and the Atlantic Community in the 1980s

Ville d'éditionCambridge

Maison d'éditionCambridge University Press

Année2013

Pages39-58

URLhttp://www.cambridge.org/gb/academic/subjects/history/diplomatic-and-international-history/european-integration-and-atlantic-community-1980s

This chapter analyzes the degree of transatlantic consensus on East-West relations and related policy through the lenses of the Madrid Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE) Follow-up Meeting, 1980–1983. After a brief report on the conference and its results, the analysis focuses on the common actions of the West and appraises the significant improvement in Western unity that occurred at Madrid.
However, significant differences persisted between the two sides of the Atlantic as to the role of the CSCE in East-West relations, and the reasons for participation in the CSCE or the so-called Helsinki process. The third part of the chapter focuses on these divergences, and shows how the CSCE became a center of focus in the harsh transatlantic debate on policy toward the Soviet Union.
The article argues that Western cohesion at the CSCE meeting was much more the result of the choice to preserve the Alliance in a period of severe strain than a convergence on common positions. Old differences persisted between the U.S. and the EC member states, for they lay at the core of their policy on East-West relations.

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